Proa P8

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A
ABAFT (aft)heckwärtsToward the rear (stern) of the boat. Behind
ABEAMrechtwinklig zum KielAt right angles to the keel of the boat, but not on the boat
ABOARDan BordOn or within the boat
ABOVE DECKan DeckOn the deck (not over it see ALOFT)
ADRIFTdriftenLoose, not on moorings or towline, and not under power or under sail
AGROUNDauf GrundWhen a boat is in water too shallow for it to float in, ie: the boat's bottom is resting on the ground
AHEADvorwärtsIn a forward direction
AKAAka, derCross beams that connect the hulls of a multihull
ALEEleewärtsAway from the direction of the wind. Opposite of windward
ALOFTüber DeckAbove the deck of the boat, usually up in the rigging
AMAAma, derThe outboard hulls of a trimaran or small hull on a proa
AMIDSHIPSMittschiffsIn or toward the center of the boat
ANCHOR LOCKERAnkerkasten, derLocker used to store the anchor rode and anchor
ANCHOR WINDLASSAnkerwinde, dieWindlass used to assist when raising the anchor
ANCHORAGEAnkerplatz, derA place suitable for anchoring in relation to the wind, seas and bottom
ANEMOMETERAnemometer, dasDevice that measures wind velocity
ANGLE OF ATTACKAnstellwinkel, der?
ASPECT RATIOStreckung, SeitenverhältnisThe relationship between the height of a sail and its breadth
ASTERNachternIn back of the boat, opposite of ahead (Often confused with aft)
ATHWARTquerabLying along the ship's width, at right angles to the ships centerline
AWASHüberkommendes WasserWater washing over
AWEIGHAnker ist freiThe position of anchor as it is raised clear of the bottom
B
BACKSPLICESpleiss, derA method of weaving the end of a rope
BACKSTAYAchterstag, dasThe stay (wire) that travels from the masthead to the stern
BACKWINDEDback stehen (Wind)When the wind pushes on the wrong side of the sail
BAIL, TOlenzenTo remove water from a boat, as with a bucket or a pump
BALLASTBallast, derA weight at the bottom of the boat to help keep it stable
BAROMETERBarograph, derAn instrument used to keep a record of atmospheric pressure
BARQUEBark, dieSailing ship with three or more masts: fore and aft rigged on aftermast, square rigged on all others
BARQUENTINEBarkentine, dieSailing ship with three or more masts
BATTEN POCKETSLattentasche, diePockets in a sail where battens can be placed to stiffen the sail
BATTENLatte, dieA semi-flexible stick that is sewn into a sail to help maintain the sail's shape
BATTENLatte, dieA thin strip of hard material, such as wood or plastic
BEAM REACHraumschotsSailing on a point of sail such that the apparent wind is coming from the beam side - of the boat at about a 90° angle
BEAMBreite, die (größte)The greatest width of the boat
BEAMVerbindungsträger, des(bei Multihulls)Connection between hulls or Hull and Ama eg. with a pipe???
BEARING AWAYabfallenChanging the course leeward
BEARINGPeilung, dieThe direction of an object, according to a compass
BEATINGkreuzenTacking - To sail against the wind by sailing on alternate tacks
BECKETSchlinge, dieA loop at the end of a line
BERMUDA SAILBermudasegel, dasTriangular sail, set on a mast. The most common sail type today
BERTHBett, das (gr. Koje)Place for a person to sleep
BEST BOWERBuganker, derAnchor which is fixed at the bow???
BIGHTfreie PartThe part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed
BILGEBilge, dieThe interior of the hull below the floor boards
BITTER ENDletztes Stück eines SeilsThe last part of a rope or chain. The inboard end of the anchor rode
BLOCKBlock, derOne or more wheels with grooves in them pulleys - designed to carry a line and change the direction of its travel
BOAT HOOKBootshaken, derA short shaft with a fitting at one end, used by the crew ot extend his reach, normally in docking situations
BOLT ROPELiektau, dasA line rope - sewn into the luff of a sail. The bolt rope fits in a notch in the mast or other spar when the sail is raised
BOOM VANGBaumniederholer, derDownhauler for the boom
BOOMBaum, derA horizontal spar attached to the mast on one end that the bottom edge of a sail (the foot) is attached to
BOOT TOPKonstruktions- wasserlinie, dieA painted line that indicates the designed waterline
BOW LINEBugleine, dieA docking line leading from the bow
BOWBug, derThe forward part of a boat
BOWLINEPalstek, derA knot used to form a temporary loop in the end of a line
BRIDGEBrücke, die (Kommando-) Control Station, helm is really a more appropriate term for small craft
BRIDLEDraht-Stropp, dasA line or wire secured at both ends in order to distribute a strain between two points
BRIGHTWORKVerzierung, dieVarnished woodwork and/or polished metal
BROACH, TOgierenTo swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea
BULKHEADRumpfspant, der (Schott, das)A vertical partition separating compartments, also watertight, adding to the ship's safety
BUNKKoje, dieA place to sleep
BUOYBoje, dieAn anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring
BUOYANCYAuftrieb, derThe tendency of a body to float when immersed in a fluid.
C
CABINKabine, dieA compartment for passengers or crew
CAMBERWölbung, die (aero, hydro)The curvature of an object such as a sail, keel or deck
CANVASPlane, dieTightely woven cloth used for sails, covers, dodgers and biminis
CAPSIZE, TOkenternTo turn over
CARSchlitten, der (Schotschlitten)A sliding fitting that attaches to a track allowing for the adjustment of blocks or other devices attached to the car
CATAMARANKatamaran, derA twin hulled boat, with hulls side by side
CATBOATCatboot, dasSailboat rigged with one mast and one sailsail
CAUGHT ABACKBackwindWhen the wind comes aciidently from the wrong side of the boat (especially proa)
CECECenter of Effort: the geometric center a sail.
CHAFING GEARSchutz gegen SchamfilenTubing or cloth wrapping used to protect a line from chafing on a rough surface
CHAIN LOCKERKettenkasten, derStorage for the anchor chain
CHART TABLEKartentisch, derA table designated as the area in the boat where the navigator will study charts and plot courses
CHARTSeekarte, dieA map for use by navigators
CHEEK BLOCKRolle, dieA block with one end permanently attached to a surface
CHINERumpfseitenteil, dasThe intersection of the bottom and sides of a flat or v-bottomed boat
CHOCKKlampe, dieA fitting through which anchor or mooring lines are led
CLR CLRCenter of Lateral Resistance: the geometric center or pivot point of the underwater hull profile.
CLEATKlemme, dieA fitting to which lines are made fast
CLEWSchothorn, das The lower aft corner of a sail, that the sheet is attached to
CLOSE HAULEDhart am WindA sailed course as close to the wind as possible
CLOVE HITCHWebleinenstek, derA knot for temporarily fastening a line to a spar or piling
CLUBFockbaum, derA boom on a jib or staysail
COAMINGSüllrand, derA vertical piece around the edge of a cockpit, hatch, etc. to prevent water on deck from running below
COCKPITCockpit, dasAn opening in the deck from which the boat is handled
COIL, TOLeine als Schnecke gelegtTo lay a line down in circular turns
COLD MOLDINGKaltformverfahren, dasA method of bending a material into an appropriate shape without heating or steaming to soften the material first
COMPANIONWAYNiedergang, derA small staircase/ladder which allows access to the hull interior
COURSEKurs, derThe direction in which a boat is steered
CRABCLAWKrebsscherensegel, dasSpecific sail used for a proa shaped like a crabclaw
CROSSBEAMVerbindungsträger, derStructure that connects the hulls of a multihull.
CUDDYStauraum, der kleineA small shelter cabin in a boat
CURRENTStrömung, dieThe horizontal movement of water
D
DAGGERBOARDSchwert, dasA retractable board used to prevent leeway that protrudes vertically through the hull bottom
DANBUOYMarkierungsboje, die 
DEAD AHEADgenau vorwärtsDirectly ahead
DEAD ASTERNgenau rückwärtsDirectly aft
DEADLIGHTLuke, die (nicht zu öffnen)Fixed ports that do not open, placed in the deck or cabin to admit light
DEADRISERumpfquerschnitts- winkel (0º = Flachboden)The measurement of the angle between the bottom of a boat and its widest beam. A 0º deadrise has a flat bottom, high numbers indicate deep V shaped hulls
DECKDeck, dasA permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof
DINGHYDinghy, das BeibootA small open boat. A dinghy is often used as a tender for a larger craft
DISMASTentmastetThe loss of a mast on a boat
DISPLACEMENT HULLVerdränger, der A type of hull that plows through the water, displacing a weight of water equal to its own weight
DISPLACEMENTVerdrängung, dieThe weight of water displaced by a floating ship, thus, a boat's weight
DOCKDock, dasA protected water area in which ships are moored. The term is often used to denote a pier or a wharf
DOWNWINDmit dem Wind, vor dem WindIn the direction the wind is blowing
DRAFTTiefgang, derThe depth of water a boat draws
DRAGWiderstand, derThe resistance to movement
DROGUESturmfock, dieA small sail flown in place of the jib under storm conditions
DUCTSLüftungsrohr, dasTubes used to move air, such as to ventilate an enclosed area
DUGOUTEinbaum, der?
DWLKonstruktions- wasserlinie, dieDesign waterline
E
EASE, TO (the sheets)lösen, einer SchotTo loosen the lines that control the sails
EBBEbbe, dieA receding tide
ECHO SOUNDEREcholot, dasAn electrical fish finder or depth sounder
EYE SPLICEAugspleiss, derA splice causing a loop in the end of a line, may be reinforced by a metall fitting
F
FAIRLEADSchotdurchführung, dieA fitting designed to control the direction of a line with minimal friction
FALL OFFabfallenA boat falls off the wind when it points its bow further from the eye of the wind
FATHOMFaden, derSix feet
FENDERFender, derA cushion, placed between boats, or between a boat and a pier, to prevent damage
FIDDLESchlingerleiste, dieA small rail on tables and counters used to keep objects from sliding off when heeled or in heavy seas
FIGURE EIGHT KNOTAchterknoten,derA knot in the form of a figure eight, placed in the end of a line
FINN KEELKurzkiel, derA keel that is narrow and deeper than a full keel
FLAREAusbauchung, dieThe outward curve of a ship's hullsides
FLOODFlut, die1) An incoming tide 2) Water covering land that is normally dry
FLOODflutenTo fill a ship with water
FLOORBOARDSCockpitboden, derThe surface of the cockpit on which the crew stand
FLUKEFlunke, dieThe palm of an anchor
FOILTragfläche, dieA shape that is designed to create lift when moving through a fluid.
FOOTFußliek, dasThe downward edge of a triangular sail
FORE AND AFT SAILStagsegel, dasA sail were the wind can fall on either surface according to tack. The so-called Bolger and Gibbons sails are therefore square sails. The oceanic lateen Micronesian crab-claw) is a fore-and-aft sail.
FORE SAILFock, dieSail forward of the mast (jib, Genoa, spinnaker, etc)
FOREPEAKVorpiek, dieA compartment in the bow of a small boat
FORESTAYVorstag, dasStay (wire) that attaches the masthead to the bow
FORETRIANGLEVorsegedreieck, dasThe space between the mast, the deck, and the headstay
FORWARDbugwärtsToward the bow of the boat
FOULEDunbrauchbares TeilAny piece of equipment that is jammed or entangled, or dirtied
FRAMESpant, derRibs forming the skeleton of a ship; incurvated pieces of wood, branching outward from the keel in a vertical direction, so as to give strength, figure, and solidity to the whole fabric."
FREEBOARDFreibord, derThe minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale
FULL KEELLangkiel, derA keel that runs the length of the boat, full keels have a shallower draft than fin keels
FULLY BATTENEDdurchgelattetA sailsail having battens that run the full horizontal length of the sail
G
GAFF SAIL BOOMGaffelbaum, derA spar that holds the top of a four sided gaff sail
GAFF SAILGaffelsegel, dasA four sided sail used instead of a triangular main sail
GALLEYPantry, die (Küche)The kitchen area of a boat
GALLOWS FRAMEBaumstütze, dieA frame used to support the boom
GANGWAYGangway, die A ramp, stairs, or plank that people use to board and disembark
GASKETZeising, derTies used to tie up the sails when they are furled
GEARBeschlag, derA general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment
GENOAGenua, dieA large jjib that overlaps the mast
GRAB RAILSHandlauf, derHand-hold fittings mounted on cabin tops and sides for personal safety
GREEN WATERblaues wasserWater coming aboard a vessel in a solid mass, as opposed to spray.
GROMMETAuge, dasA ring or eyelet normally used to attach a line, such as on a sail
GROUND TACKLEGrundgeschirr, dasA collective term for the anchor and its associated gear
GUNWALESeitendeck, dasThe upper edge of a boat's sides
GYBE, TOhalsenTo change direction when sailing in a manner such that the stern of the boat passes through the wind
H
HALYARDFall, dasLine used to hoist and lower a sail
HANGING LOCKERKleiderschrank, derA locker big enough to hang clothes
HARD CHINEgerade Rumpfseite z.B. bei Dory/SkiffAn abrupt intersection between the hull side and the hull bottom of a boat so constructed
HARDEN A SAILSegel dichtholenTo make a sails camber flat for sailing close hauled
HATCHLuke, dieAn opening in a boat's deck fitted with a watertight cover
HAUL OUTherausheben (ein Boot)Remove a boat from the water
HAWSERTau, das elastischeFlexible steel wire rope, or fibre rope, used for hauling warping or mooring
HEAD FASTFestmacher, der vordereMooring rope leading forward from fore end of a ship
HEAD SAILVorsegel, dasAny sail forward of the mastmast
HEADSegelkopf, derTop corner of a triangular sail
HEADToilette, die (WC)The toilet and toilet room in a ship.
HEADING UP, TOanluvenTo turn the bow more directly into the eye of the wind
HEADINGBugrichtungThe direction in which a ship's bow points at any given time
HEADWAYVorwärtsfahrt, dieThe forward motion of a boat. Opposite of sternway
HEAVE TObeidrehenTo turn a sailing ship so that its bow heads into the wind and the ship lies motionless except for drifting, e.g. in order to meet a storm."
HEEL, TOkrängenWhen a sailboat leans over due to pressure on its sail
HELMSteuerung, die The wheel or tiller controlling the rudder. Also the place on the boat where you steer
HELMSPERSONSteuermann, derThe person who steers the boat
HIKING STICKPinnenausleger, derAn extension to the tiller allowing the helmsman to steer while hiking
HITCHRundtörn, der und 2 halbe SchlägeA knot used to secure a rope to another object or to another rope, or to form a loop or a noose in a rope
HOLDLaderaum, derA compartment below deck in a large ship, used solely for carrying cargo
HULLRumpf, derThe main body of a ship
I
INBOARDinnerbords1) More toward the center of a ship 2) inside, a motor fitted inside a boat
INFLATABLESchlauchboot, dasA dinghy or raft that can be inflated for use or deflated for easy stowage
J
JACOBS LADDERStrickleiter, dieA rope ladder, lowered from the deck, as when pilots or passengers come aboard
JAM CLEATSchotklemme, dieA cleat designed to hold a lline in place without slipping
JAWSBaumbeschlag, derA fitting holding a boom or gaff to the mast
JETTYMole, dieA structure, usually masonry, projecting out from the shore, a jetty may protect a harbor entrance
JIB STAYFockstag, dasThe stay that the jib is hoisted on, usually the headstay
JIB TOPSAILFlieger, derA small jib set high on the headstay of a double headsail rig
JIB TRACKFockschiene, die?
JIBFock, dieA fore sail
JIBE, TOHalse, die halsenTo change the sailing direction by turning the stern through the wind
JIFFY REEFINGPatentreff, dasA method of lowering the sail in sections so that it can be reefed quickly
JURY RIGNotsegel, dasA temporary repair using improvised materials and parts
K
KALIA (NDRUA)Kalia, die (Ndrua)Fijian voyaging canoe that was the largest and finest craft ever built by the Oceanic peoples, some as larges as 100' long. Technically, the Kalia is the Tongan copy of the Fijian Ndrua.
KEELKiel, der1) The centerline of a boat running fore and aft, the backbone of a ship. 2) The underwater fin of a ballasted sailboat
KNOTKnoten, derA measure of speed equal to one nautical mile (6076 feet) per hour
L
LASHanbindenTo tie something with a line
LATEEN SAILLateinersegel, dasTriangular fore and aft sail with yard supporting the luff, native to the Mediterranean. Still used on Arab dhows, etc
LATERAL RESISTANCELateralwiderstand, derThe ability of a boat to keep from being moved sideways by the wind
LATERAL PLANELateralplan, der?
LATITUDEBreitengrad, derThe distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees
LAZARETTEAchterpiek, dieA storage space in a boat's stern area
LAZY GUYBullenstander, derA line attached to the boom to prevent it from accidentally jibbing
LAZY SHEETSchot, die loseA line led to a sail, but is not currently in use (working sheet)
LEE CLOTHKojensegel, dasCanvas barrier along the side of a berth to keep the occupant from falling out
LEE HELMleegierigThe tendency of a boat to head away from the wind. The opposite of weather helm
LEEleeThe side sheltered from the wind
LEEBOARDSeitenschwert, dasBoard used to resist leeway that is attached to the leeward side of the boat. There are often two leeboards, only one used at a time. Common on Dutch yachts
LEECHAchterliek, dasThe backward edge of a sail
LEEWARDleewärtsThe direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward
LEEWAYAbtrift, dieThe sideways movement of the boat caused by either wind or current
LIFE VEST (or PFD)Rettungsweste, dieA device used to keep a person afloat
LIFELINERettungsline, dieA line running between the bow and the stern of a boat to which the crew can attach themselves
LIFTING RIGAuftrieb, der (Segel-)A sailing rig with creates an upward aerodynamic force as well as a foreward one
LINELeine, dieRope and cordage used aboard a ship
LINESTOPPERSLeinenstopper, derA device used to keep a line from slipping, such as a jamcleat
LOGLogge, dieA device to measure speed
LONGITUDELängengrad, derThe distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England
LUFFVorliek, dasThe leading edge of a sail.
LUG SAILLugger-Segel, dasA four-sided sail with a yard and boom, but without the luff attached to the mast. Traditional sail of English and French fishing boats
LUGMastrutscher, derMetal or plastic pieces attached to a sail's luff that slide in a mast track to allow easy hoisting of the sail
M
MAIN SAILGroßsegel, dasThe largest spar supported sail on a sailboat
MAIN SHEETGroßschot, dieThe line used to control the mainsail
MARLINEBändsel, dasA small line
MARLINSPIKEMarlspieker, derA tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing
MAST BOOTMastschuh, derA protective cover wrapped around the mast at the deck on a keel stepped boat to prevent water from entering the boat
MAST STEPMastfuß, derA piece from wood or metal in which the mast stands on deck
MAST TRACKMastschiene, dieA track or groove in the back of the mast to which the sail is attached by means of lugs or the bolt rope
MASTHEADMasttopp, derThe top of a mast
MIDSHIPmittschiffsApproximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern
MIZZENBesan, derThe aft mast of a ketch or yawl rigged sailboat
MOORINGMooring, dieAn arrangement for securing a boat to a mooring buoy or a pier
MOUNTFundament, das (Motor-)Strong foundation in a boat, eg for fixing the engine
N
O
OARRuder, das Riemen, derA long pole with a wide flat blade at one end, used for rowing a boat
OARLOCKRuderdolle, dieA device to attach oars to a rowboat, allowing the operator to row rather than paddle the boat
OUTBOARDAußenborder, derA detachable engine mounted on a boat's stern
OUTBOARDaußerbordsToward or beyond the boat's sides
OUTHAULUnterliekstrecker, derA line used to tension the foot of a sail, used to maintain proper sail shape
OUTRIGGERAusleger, derThe assembly (ama, akas, etc) that stabilizes an outrigger canoe or proa
OVERBOARDüberbordOver the side or out of the boat
OVERHANGÜberhang, der The area of the bow or stern which hangs over
P
PADDLEPaddel, dasA stick with a blade in the end of it used to propel a small boat through the water
PIERPier, dieA loading platform extending at an angle from the shore
PILEPoller, derA wood, metal or concrete pole driven into the bottom
PILOTINGSicht-Navigation, dieNavigation by use of visible references, the depth of the water, etc
PITCH POLEkopfüber (kentern)When a boat's stern is thrown over its bow
PLANING HULLGleiter, der (Gleitrumpf)A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed
PLANINGGleiten, dasA boatis moving over the top of the water rather than through the water
PLANKINGPlanke, dieWood strips used to cover the deck or hull of a wooden ship
POD, LEEWARDAusbuchtung nach Lee (einer Proa)?
POINT, TOHöhe schindenTo sail as close as possible to the wind
POLESpiere, dieA spar. Such as a pole used to position a sail
POOP DECKAchterdeck, dasA boat's aft deck
PORTHafen, derThe left side of a boat looking forward. A harbor
PORTHOLELuke, die A window in the side of a boat, usually round or with rounded corners
PRAMPram, derA type of dinghy with a flat bow
PREVENTERBackstag, das?
PROAProa, diePolynesian outrigger sailboat
PROWBugüberhang, derThe part of the bow forward of where it leaves the waterline
PULPITBugkorb, derA place on the bow for standing, usually with a small platform and grab rail around it
PURCHASE, TACKLEFlaschenzug, der (Talje, die)Two or more blocks connected to provide a mechanical advantage when lifting heavy objects
Q
QUADRANTQuadrant, der (Ruder-)A device connected to the rudder that the steering cables attach to
R
RAILDeckskante, dieThe edge of a boat's deck
RAILINGReling, dieA fence arround the deck against falling overboard
RATLINESWebleinen, dieSmall lines tied between the shrouds to use as a ladder when going aloft
REEF CRINGLESReffkauschen, dieReinforced cringles in the sail designed to hold the reefing lines when reefing the sail
RIGRigg, dasA combination of sails and spars
RIGHTING MOMENTMoment, das aufrichtende?
ROACHAchterlieks- krümmung, dieA curve out from the aft edge leech of a sail. Battens are sometimes used to help support and stiffen the roach
RODEAnkerleine, die -ketteThe anchor line and/or chain
ROLLER FURLINGRollsegel- vorrichtung, dieA method of storing a sail usually by rolling the jib around the headstay or the mainsail around the boom or on the mast
ROLLER REEFINGRollreff- vorrichtung, dieA system of reefing a sail by partially furling it
ROPETau, dasTraditionally a line must be over 1 inch in size
RUDDER POSTRuderschaft, derThe post that the rudder is attached to. The wheel or tiller is connected to the rudder post
RUDDERRuder, das (blatt)A vertical plate or board for steering a boat
RUN, TOLeine ausrennenTo allow a line to feed freely
RUNNING BACKSTAYBackstag, dasAlso known as runners. Adjustable stays used to control tension on the mast
RUNNING LIGHTSFahrtlichter, dieLights required to be shown on boats underway between sundown and sunup
S
SAIL SHAPESegelschnitt, derThe shape of a sail, with regard to its efficiency
SAIL TRACKProfilschiene mit Nut (Rollreff)A slot into which the bolt rope or lugs in the luff of the sail are inserted to attach the sail. Most masts and roller reefing jibs use sail tracks
SAILSegel, dasAn extent of fabric by means of which wind is used to propel a ship through the water
SCHOONERSchoner, derA sailboat with two or more masts. The aft mast is the same size or larger than the forward ones
SCREWSchraube, die (Schiffs-)A boat's propeller
SCUPPERSSpeigatten, dieDrain holes on deck, in the toe rail, or in bulwarks or (with drain pipes) in the deck itself
SEA COCKSeeventil, dasA through hull valve, a shut off on a plumbing or drain pipe between the ship's interior and the sea
SEA ROOMSeeraum, der freieA safe distance from the shore or other hazards
SEAMANSHIPSeemannschaft, dieAll the arts and skills of boat handling
SEATSitz, der?
SEAWORTHYseefestA boat or a boat's gear able to meet the usual sea conditions
SETin StromrichtungDirection toward which the current is flowing
SHAKE OUTausschütten, ein ReffTo remove a reef from a sail
SHELLAußenhaut, die?
SHEERstrakenTo determine a curve with a sheer lath
SHROUDWant, derA rope or wire running from the mast to the sides to give lateral support to the mast
SHUNT, TOshuntenTo change direction of sailing making the stern to the new bow, without tack or Jibe
SKEGSkeg, der?
SLACKloseNot fastened, loose. Also, to loosen
SLOOPSlup, dieA style of sailboat characterized by a single mast with one mainsail and one foresail . Also see cutter
SLOTÖffnung zwischen Groß/FockThe opening between the jib and the mainsail
SNAP HOOKKarabiner, derA metal fitting with a arm that uses a spring to close automatically when connected to another object
SNATCH BLOCKKlappblock, derA block that can be opened on one side, allowing it to be place on a line that is already in use
SOLEBoden, der (Kabinen-)Cabin or saloon floor. Also the molded fiberglass deck of a cockpit
SOUNDINGEcholot, derA measurement of the depth of water
SPARSpiere, die (Holm, der)Rigid tubular piece (mast, boom, yard, gaff) used to support sails and rigging
SPINNAKERSpinnaker, derA very large lightweight sail used when running or on a broad reach
SPLICESpleiss, derThe place where two linelines are joined together end to end
SPREADERSaling, dieSmall pars extending toward the sides from one or more places along the mast. The shrouds cross the end of the spreaders, enabling the shrouds to better support the mast
SPRING LINESpring, dieA pivot line used in docking, undocking
SQUALLBöe, dieA sudden, violent wind often accompanied by rain
SQUARE KNOTReffknoten, derA knot used to join two lines of similar size. Also called a reef knot
STANDING RIGGINGStehendes GutThe rigging of a boat that does not normally need to be adjusted
STARBOARDsteuerbordThe right side of a boat when looking forward
STEADYING SAILStützsegel, dasAlso stability sail or riding sail. Any small sail set to help the boat maintain its direction without necessarily moving
STEMVordersteven, derThe forward most part of the bow
STERN LINEAchterleine, dieA docking line leading from the stern
STERN PULPITHeckkorb, derA sturdy railing around the deck at the stern
STERNHeck, dasThe after part of the boat
STIFFsteif (wenig Krängung)A boat that resists heeling
STORM JIBSturmfock, die Its area is limited to five percent of the height of the foretriangle squared.
STORM TRYSAILSturmsegel, dasA short triangular sail that is attached to back of the mast and is sheeted to the deck
STOW, TOstauenTo put an item in its proper place
STOWAGEStauraum, derA locker, shelter to put things in
STRUTStrebe, dieA stiffening or supporting piece or member
STUDDING SAILLeesegel, dasAn additional sail leeards to enlarge the sailarea ???
STUFFING BOXStopfbuchse, dieA fitting around the propeller shaft to keep the bearing lubricated and to keep water out of the boat
SWIVELWirbel, derA rotating fitting used to keep a line from tangling
T
TABERNACLETabernakel, dasA hinged support for the bottom of a mast so that the mast can be lowered easily when passing under bridges
TACKFockhals, derThe lower forward corner of a triangular sail
TACKKurs, derDirection of sailing, moving
TACK, TOWende, die (wenden)To change the sailing direction by turning the bow through the wind
TACKLE, PURCHASEFlaschenzug, derLines used with blocks in order move heavy objects
TAIL Ende, das (einer Leine)The end of a line
TAIL FINKielflosse, dieThe shaped area of the keel
TAKE INeinholen (Segel)To remove a sail
TANGSalingstutzen, derA metal fitting on the mast that the spreaders are attached to
TARPAULINPersenning?
TELLTALETrimmfaden, derA small line free to flow in the direction of the breeze
THIMBLEKausch, die?
THROATMastende der Gaffel (auch Baum)?
THWARTSHIPSrechtwinklig zur KiellinieAt right angles to the centerline of the boat
TIDETide, dieThe periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans
TILLERPinne, dieA bar or handle for turning a boat's rudder or an outboard motor
TOE RAILFußreling, dieA small rail around the deck of a boat. The toe rail may have holes in it to attach lines or blocks
TOGGLE'drehbarer' Schäkel?
TOP MASTToppmast, derA mast on top of another mast
TOP SAILToppsegel, dasA triangular sail set above the gaff on a gaff rigged boat
TOPPING LIFTDirk, dieA line running from the end of the boom to the top of the mast used to keep the boom from falling when the sail is not set
TOPSIDESÜberwasserschiff, dasThe sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck, sometimes referring to onto or above the deck
TRACKSchiene, die?
TRAMPOLINETrampolin, dasThe coverage between the hulls of an open deck catamaran or between hull and amas of a trimaran. Usually a net.
TRANSOMHeckbalken, derThe stern cross section of a square sterned boat
TRIMTrimm, derFore and aft balance of a boat
TRIMARANTrimaran, derMultihull with two amas
TRIP LINETripleine, dieA line attached to the end of an anchor to help free it from the ground
TRUE WINDWind, der wahreThe speed and direction of the wind
TRUNKSchwertkasten, der?
TURNBUCKLESpannschraube, die?
U
UNDER WAYunterwegsship in motion, ie. when not moored, at anchor, or aground
UNFURLentrollen (zB.Rollfock)To unfold or unroll a sail. The opposite of furl
UNSTAYEDunverstagtA Mast not fixed by shrouds and stays. Same as free-standing
V
VAKAHauptrumpf der ProaMain hull of a proa
V-BOTTOMV-Rumpf, der A hull with the bottom section in the shape of a V
W
WAKEHeckwelle, dieMoving waves, track or path that a boat leaves behind it, when moving across the waters
WATERLINEWasserlinie, dieA line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a boat sinks when it is properly trimmed
WEATHER HELMluvgierigThe tendency of a boat to head up toward the eye of the wind. The opposite of lee helm
WET LOCKERÖlzeugschrank, der A locker equiped with a drain so that wet clothes can be stored in
WHEELSteuerrad, das The wheel to control the rudder
WINCHWinsch, die Device to roll up a sheet or halyard with a gear
WINDLASSWinde, die A mechanical device used to pull in cable or chain, such as an anchor rode
WINDWARDwindwärts, luvToward the direction from which the wind is coming
WORKING SHEETSchot, die (aktive)The sheet that is currently taught and in use to control a sail. The opposite of the lazy sheet
XYZ
YACHTYacht, die A pleasure ship, a pleasure boat
YARDRah, die A spar used on square rigged or lateen ships, usually attached to the upper or leading edge of a sail
YAW, TOgierenTo swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea
YAWLYawl, dieA two mastmasted sailboat with the shorter mizzen mast placed aft of the rudder post

Thanks to Michael Schacht for his help. And thanks to all sites where I have borrowed some terms.
Everybody may copy this list for private use. Otherwise a hint will be kind.